Present Perfect Tense – Part 1


(have / has + past participle)

Look at these sentences:

  • Leo’s English improved when he started a course at Langports English College.
  • His English is improving.
  • His English has improved since he started at Langports.

The first sentence gives information about the past, only the past. So we use the Past Simple: improved. We don’t know if Leo’s English continued to improve. We don’t know about his English now.

The second sentence only gives information about what is happening now, what is in progress. So we use Present Continuous: is improving. (Present Continuous is also known as Present Progressive.) This sentence does not tell us about Leo’s past.

The third sentence gives information about the past, the present, and the time which connects the past and present. So, we use Present Perfect: has improved. This sentence gives a lot of information. We know that:

  1.       Leo’s English began to improve after he started at Langports, and …
  2.       During his time at Langports, it continued to improve, until …
  3.       Now. We can see the improvement now.

So, if we want to give information about the past, the present, and the time in between, in one sentence, we can use Present Perfect Tense.

  • Leo’s English has improved  since he started at Langports.
  • He has attended every lesson.
  • Marcello has missed a lot of lessons because of sickness, so his English has not improved.
  • Rihanna has been looking for the ideal man all her life. Check-out her Youtube video: Where have you been? (When we use Present Perfect Tense and want to show that something has been in progress and has not finished, we can use Present Perfect Continuous: has been looking.) In the Youtube video, Rihanna is still looking for him.

* For further explanation of Present Perfect and online exercises, check out


* Enjoy this song which is full of Present Perfect Tense examples.

Song: Where have you been? by Rihanna

Here is a link to a Youtube video of the song with the lyrics (words):

Click here for Present Perfect Tense – Part 2

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This entry was posted in Grammar, Intermediate (Level 4), Listening, Pre-Intermediate (Level 3), Songs and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to Present Perfect Tense – Part 1

  1. Its not my first time to go to see this website, i am visiting this site dailly and take nice facts from here all the time.


  2. Very good blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that
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    • mhardy3222 says:


      Thank you for your comments. I’m not sure about how to advise ‘aspiring writers’. I write my blog for people who are learning English as a second language. The Internet is very helpful for them and they know that there is a lot of information on the Internet. They don’t always know where this information is, and this is where I come in; I find information, practice exercises, and songs, and link them to my posts. Most of my views are from repeat visitors. My advice to you is to think about who is going to read your blog and why. How are they going to find you? My visitors usually find me via a Google search when they ask about grammar. I can recommend WordPress. Once you get started, you can think about which options best suit you. Good luck!


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