Learn words related to getting married
The song Parachute by Cheryl Cole is perfect for studying Future Tenses as well as First Conditional and Zero Conditional. She is not literally singing about a parachute. The parachute symbolizes ‘help’ or ‘rescue’.
Today, I will be discussing the future tenses and Conditional structures in the song Parachute:
2. Be going to + base infinitive,
3. Conditionals – First & Zero.
Future Simple (Will + base infinitive) is used for decisions, predictions, promises, offers, and schedules at some time in the future, which is not always stated. We do not use Future Simple for plans: This year, I will study Mathematics and next year, I will study Chemistry.
I won’t tell anyone. Promise
I won’t tell anybody how you turn my world around. Promise
I won’t tell anyone how your voice is my favourite sound. Promise
I won’t fall out of love. Promise / Prediction
I’ll fall into you. Promise / Prediction
I’ll hold onto you. Promise / Prediction
You’ll never win the fight. Prediction
2. Be going to + base infinitive
In the song, Cheryl Cole uses be going to + base infinitive for plans. ‘Going to’ is often written as ‘gonna’ because that is what it sounds like. It’s okay for songwriters, but please don’t start writing ‘gonna’ in your English writing practice.
You’re going to catch me. Plan
This is the plan. He is always going to catch her (help her) if she falls (needs help). Be going to + base infinitive always refers to the future. It is used for future plans, arrangements, and predictions with evidence.
This brings us to:
There are at least two parts (clauses) in a Conditional sentence. In First Conditional, there is a future possible situation and its future possible result. This is the structure:
If + Present Tense, will + base infinitive
Will + base infinitive if + Present Tense
You can also use: Might / Can / Be going to, instead of Will.
In the song, Cheryl Cole uses First Conditional to talk about a possible situation in the future and its future result.
You’re gonna catch (me) if I fall.
The singer and her boyfriend have a plan for future possibilities when she might need help.
3b. Zero Conditional
In Zero Conditional sentences, the focus is on situations which are true anytime, so we use Present Tense. This makes perfect sense because Present Tense Simple tells us about things, actions, beliefs etc. which can be true anytime, always, sometimes or never; it is used for facts, habits and routines. Often, we want to talk about the result of such things. This is the structure:
If + Present Tense, Present Tense
Present Tense If + Present Tense
You can also use: When / Whenever / As soon as / After, instead of If.
In the song, the singer tells us that she doesn’t need anyone to help her now. She has her boyfriend. He is there for her when she needs help.
I don’t need a parachute Baby, if I’ve got you. Anytime / every time
Baby, if I’ve got you, I don’t need a parachute. Anytime / every time
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To watch the Official Music Video of Parachute, click here.
To watch the Video of Parachute with lyrics, click here.
To see the song lyrics,
A great way to improve your vocabulary and listening skills is with short videos. Watch the following fascinating video about giraffes and follow the link below it to learn the ‘vocabulary in chunks’. You will be impressed by how much you can learn in 3½ minutes.
Grammar and Vocabulary points are listed alphabetically. Examples show incorrect and correct usage and short, clear explanations.
I highly recommend The 2018 Grammar Guide by EnglishGrammar.org. The quality of your English will improve as soon as you start using it. Download it now by clicking here. On the right side of the page, you will see:
Just enter your email address and first name and you will be able to download this fabulous book. Happy reading!
I’ve been having fun with a News in Slow French website for my French studies. I read a news script while listening to the audio. It takes on average just two minutes, so it’s very easy to fit into a busy schedule. I realized that a similar English website would be helpful for you so I’ve been trying to find one which provides news with videos and tapescripts to help you with your English studies.
Well, I’ve found an excellent English News website for you!
This website is designed for levels 1, 2, & 3 but it is also very useful for level 4 (Intermediate) students who need to improve basic grammar and word order.
The videos are between approximately one and two minutes. Just read and listen. Do this once or twice a day and your English skills can improve fast.
Click on the above picture to see the video about Mark Zuckerberg at Congress.
http://www.newsinlevels.com provides more than just news. You can arrange to skype with other English students. It even supplies lists of questions for skype conversations. You can listen to and read jokes. This site provides a lot of advice and gives step by step instructions.
For instructions on how to improve your English with News in Levels, click here.
One of the first things you learn when you start learning English is the word order in sentences. The subject comes before the verb:
The subject comes
Then, you learn that question word order is different. Usually, the auxiliary verb comes before the subject. This is called INVERSION because we invert the subject and auxiliary verb.
Question word order:
Have you ever swum with sharks? Why are people afraid of them? What do you think? Will we ever overcome our fear of sharks?
have you ?
are people ?
do you ?
will we ?
Only by swimming with sharks will we overcome our fear of them.
Rarely have I seen such a weird lipstick advertisement!
You can continue with your English studies and never use Inversion in sentences. That’s perfectly okay. However, if you are preparing for a Cambridge or IELTS exam or other exams or situations where you need to demonstrate an extensive use of English, you will be expected to know about Inversion.
Let’s start with why and when. After all, if you don’t know why we use Inversion, you won’t know when to use it.
INVERSION is used
1. to emphasize the uniqueness of an event,
2. to stress how quickly something happened after something else had been completed,
3. to clarify a situation, and
4. to sound more formal.
INVERSION is also used:
5. after clauses beginning with ‘nor’.
Never have I been so relieved to see anyone in my life!
I have never been so relieved to see anyone in my life.
‘Rarely does someone simply return to “business as usual” after seeing a Matt Church presentation’.
People rarely return to “business as usual” after seeing a Matt Church presentation.
Seldom am I impressed with
I am seldom impressed with
Hollywood celebrities seldom impress me.
Scarcely had I finished cooking when the guests arrived.
I had scarcely finished cooking when the guests arrived.
No sooner had we started the meal than someone knocked at the door.
We started the meal and immediately someone knocked at the door.
As soon as we started the meal, someone knocked at the door.
Barely had I served dessert when everyone started checking their phones!
When I served dessert, everyone started checking their phones.
As soon as I served dessert, everyone started checking their phones.
Can you detect the sense of exasperation that the speakers in the Inversion examples feel? The emphasis is on the timing more than the subject.
Note how the sentences with Inversion have a sense of urgency whilst the standard sentences are more casual.
Only after she won the gold medal in the 400-metre dash did Cathy realise the enormous pressure she’d been under.
It was only after she won the 400-metre dash that Cathy realised the enormous pressure she’d been under.
On our trip to Milan, Italy we saw fantastic Green Buildings. Only then did we realise that cities could be environmentally responsible and resource-efficient!
It was only when we saw the Green Buildings in Milan that we realised that cities could be environmentally responsible and resource-efficient!
Little was Henry aware of the damage caused by his thoughtless actions.
Henry was not aware of the damage caused by his thoughtless actions.
Had I known you were in town, I would have invited you!
If I had known you were in town, I would have invited you!
Had they understood your situation, they might have helped you.
If they had understood your situation, they might have helped you.
I don’t believe in scarcity, nor do I believe that the grass is greener on the other side.
I don’t believe in scarcity and I don’t believe that the grass is greener on the other side.
I haven’t been to Japan, nor do I expect to visit there in the near future.
I haven’t been to Japan and I don’t expect to visit there in the near future.
This post is quite long enough! I will continue in a future post. Meanwhile, you can try to get used to the Inversion examples I’ve given above before I explain the rules and structures.
I have found a song Never Ever by ‘All Saints’ which features the lines:
I suggest that you listen to the song until these clauses are locked into your long-term memory! It won’t take long. There is a lot of repetition. Click here for the YouTube video.
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Click on the picture below to find out the meaning of the idiom HANGING BY A THREAD. Once on the site, you can click on Follow at the bottom of the page to receive more pictures and explanations of idioms FREE.
Vocabulary to learn after watching the video :
I usually use songs on this website to explain grammar, but today, I’m encouraging you to just listen to and enjoy a superb song-writer with a remarkable voice. You can hear every word he sings clearly.
Listening to music you like while reading the lyrics is surely the easiest way to improve your English! Sing along with Rodriguez as you listen. Your listening will improve. Your pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar will also improve. Maybe your mood will improve too?
I have picked out my favourite Rodriguez songs and linked to the YouTube videos with lyrics. Just click on the song titles. There are plenty more for you to discover if you enjoy his music. Keep in mind that punctuation and spelling in YouTube videos are not always correct.
In 2012, a fascinating documentary, Searching for Sugar Man, was made about the life and music of this extraordinary man. On February 24, 2013, Searching for Sugar Man won the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature at the 85th Academy Awards. It won a total of 40 awards worldwide.
To watch the trailer, click on the picture below. Click on http://sugarman.org to go to the official Rodriguez website. Enjoy!
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